Clinicians know that breast feeding is crucial to infant health in developing countries, but they may be less aware of the potential longer term health benefits for mothers and babies in developed countries, particularly in relation to obesity, blood pressure, cholesterol, and cancer. The World Health Organization WHO recommends exclusive breast feeding breast milk only, with no water, other fluids, or solids for six months, with supplemental breast feeding continuing for two years and beyond. Governments in the United Kingdom have adopted this recommendation, but it presents an enormous challenge for countries like the UK and the United States, where breast feeding rates have been low for decades and can seem remarkably resistant to change.
The Content Validity Index was 0. Descriptors: Teaching materials; Breastfeeding; Validation studies; Rooming-in care. Studies of breastfeeding have yielded widespread evidence supporting the superiority of human milk over industrial forms of milk and demonstrated that breastfeeding benefits both children 1 and mothers 2.
Whether you're a new mom or a seasoned parenting pro, breastfeeding often comes with its fair share of questions. Here are answers to some common queries that mothers — new and veteran — may have. Your newborn should be nursing times per day for about the first month.
Stronger focus on nutrition within health services could save 3. Breastfeeding is the normal way of providing young infants with the nutrients they need for healthy growth and development. Virtually all mothers can breastfeed, provided they have accurate information, and the support of their family, the health care system and society at large. Colostrum, the yellowish, sticky breast milk produced at the end of pregnancy, is recommended by WHO as the perfect food for the newborn, and feeding should be initiated within the first hour after birth.
Data tracking in public health is known as public health surveillance. It is the ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of outcomes and results. Surveillance is a public health approach to problem-solving, using data to identify challenges, assess the effectiveness of interventions, and inform public health action.
Confused about building and establishing your milk supply? If you need help or support, or just want to know what to expect, read our guide on breastfeeding in the first month. While feeding around the clock is usual and helps you build your milk supply, it can be tiring.
The problem is that many doctors are not familiar with the normal weight gain patterns of breastfed babies, and rely too much upon older growth charts that are based upon the growth of artificially fed babies. Inthe World Health Organization released revised growth charts that are representative of healthy breastfed babies throughout the world. Healthy breastfed infants tend to grow more rapidly than their formula-fed peers in the first months of life and less rapidly from 3 to 12 months.
When it comes to nursing, it's best to listen to your baby's needs rather than to follow your own agenda. The words "newborn" and "schedule" don't always go together, particularly when it comes to breastfeedingsays Kathleen Gale, a lactation consultant and registered nurse with Swedish Covenant Hospital in Chicago. Although some mothers try to set a breastfeeding schedule, Gale says that most lactation consultants are not proponents of such rigidity.
The WHO growth standard charts consider the effect of infant feeding on growth by using breastfeeding as the norm. When the WHO growth curves were created, the differences in growth patterns of breastfed and formula-fed infants were considered. The breastfed infant is the reference or normative model against which alternative feeding methods are measured with regard to growth, healthy development, and all other short-term and long-term outcomes.
This information is for mothers with babies born at full term or close to full term and addresses the normal course of breastfeeding. The guidelines offered here may not be appropriate for a baby born prematurely or who is in NICU, or for parents with other unusual circumstances, such as circumstances faced by adoptive parents. If you and your baby have unusual circumstances, we encourage you to talk with your health care team candidly about the importance feeding your baby your own milk holds for you and engage their support in finding ways to succeed in achieving your goals. Please also see our information on nursing a premature babyadoptive nursingor information that fits your circumstances more closely than this one.